Cultural Monument

A walk though the historic school town

The Francke Foundations in Halle have a unique history. In the 18th century they were regarded as one of the most important educational institutions in Germany, but after German reunification in 1990 they underwent an unprecedented rescue operation. The historic structure of the building was preserved, but in an unfortunate condition. The great commitment of many people has made it possible to restore architecture to its former glory and to give the Francke Foundations a home again as a cosmos of education. You are invited to take an exciting walk through history and the present!

Lindenhof Courtyard

The facade of the Historic Orphanage

Historic Orphanage

House 1

The Historic Orphanage shines today again as splendidly as it did 300 years ago. In GDR times it had been neglected for decades until it finally rained through the roof down to the ground floor and the building threatened to collapse. The orphanage was rescued in 1993-95 as part of an unprecedented renovation project. Today it is again widely recognisable as an outstanding cultural monument.

View of the Francke Foundations from the north with the former Orphanage for Boys

Orphanage for Boys

House 2–4

This spacious building, dating from 1732–1734, provided classrooms and living quarters for orphan boys. A solid stone structure with large windows and light rooms, it symbolises Francke’s innovative and internationally acclaimed approach to orphan care.

View of the half-timbered building of the former Boys' Orphanage and the new New Orphanage for Girls at Lindenhof Courtyard.

New Orphanage for Girls

House 5–7

From 1717 this building served as the bakery and brewery for the school town. The building was thoroughly refurbished from 1741 to 1744 to provide the growing numbers of orphan girls with classrooms and living quarters.

 

View of the largest half-timbered residential building in Europe, the Long House at the Lindenhof Courtyard.

Long House

House 8–13

Constructed in 1713–1716, Europe’s largest timber-framed residential building housed theology students and pupils of the Latin grammar school. At 115 metres long with a grid-pattern façade and an unassuming appearance, the Long House is architecturally unique for the baroque period.

 

 

 

View of the school building of the primary school Maria Montessori in the building complex of the Royal Pedagogium.

Royal Pedagogium

House 19

Founded in 1697, the school with its boarding facilities provided children of the nobility and wealthy with the comprehensive education needed for their later duties in society. In the eighteenth century, this was ranked among the very best schools in Prussia.

View of the economy building at the upper Lindenhof Courtyard

Bayliff´s House

House 21

Constructed in 1747–1748, this was the refectory for wealthier pupils at the Latin grammar school. In 1816, it became the Foundations’ administration and pay offices.

 

View of the building of the Historical Library at the Lindenhof Courtyard

Historic Library

House 22

In 1726–1728 a new library was built at the Halle Orphanage. Today this is Germany’s oldest surviving independent secular building designed specifically as a library. The double-sided bookcases extending into the room saved space and resembled a theatre set.

 

View of the building of the former Canstein Bible Institute at the Lindenhof Courtyard

Canstein Bible Institute

House 23–24

In 1710 Carl Hildebrand von Canstein (1667–1719) founded the world’s first Bible Institute at the Orphanage in Halle. By 1938 around 10 million affordable and compact editions of the Bible had been printed here. Constructed in 1727–1735, this building housed the Institute’s printing shop and administration offices.

The half-timbered house of the Old Orphanage for Girls

Old Ophanage for Girls

House 25

This building, dating from 1709–1710, symbolises Francke’s efforts to institutionalise girls’ education. It initially housed both the girls’ orphanage and elementary school.

View from the row of houses at Schwarzer Weg with house 26 (English house) in the middle.

English House

House 26

Constructed in 1709–1710, the English House was generously funded by Anne, Queen of Great Britain (1665–1714). Primarily for pupils from England, it was indicative of the international reach of Halle Pietism and the excellent reputation of Francke’s schools.

Dining and Singing Hall

House 27

On the ground floor of the building erected between 1710 and 1711, the dining room was used to feed pupils, carpenters, students, teachers and employees. The school town counted more than 3000 people in 1727. The large assembly hall on the upper floor of the building was used equally for church services and secular events. It became a model for many Protestant assembly halls. On Wednesdays and Saturdays public singing lessons were held here.

View of August Hermann Francke's home at the entrance to the Francke Foundations site.

Francke´s Home

House 28

In 1702 Francke and his family moved into the converted Zur Goldenen Rose tavern from the mid-seventeenth century. Until he moved to the St. Ulrich’s Church rectory in the centre of Halle in 1715, Francke directed the development of the Foundations from here.

Service buildings of the school town

View of the Faculty of Theology in the former warehous

Warehouse

House 30

Francke founded a printing press in the Orphanage in 1698. Well into the twentieth century it not only produced large print runs of devotional writings, but also school books used throughout Germany. The warehouse, constructed in 1732, provided storage for the books and paper.

View of the large barn of the historic dairy before renovation (2017)

Dairy with barnes

House 33

In 1729 a dairy was established to help feed the children and staff in the school town. The dairy was close to the gardens in the south of the grounds, but apart from the residential and school buildings. Livestock was kept in a stockyard, and straw and gain stored in the surrounding barns.

View of the former washing and slaughterhouse of the historic school town of Francke, today with a glass extension for the barrier-free elevator.

Laundry and abattoir

House 35

In 1718 this building was constructed for the dairy’s abattoir and the school town’s laundry. From the start, Franke was careful to ensure proper hygiene in the school town, with everything from external latrines to an ample supply of fresh water and weekly changes of bedsheets.

View into the street betweeb House 37-39, 35 and 35a

Dairy stables

House 35a

The agricultural outbuilding was part oft he dairy and used fort he provision of food fort he Foundations. The whole row of houses was connected by a system of tunnels.

View of the former tenant house

Tenant houses

House 36/36a

Work started on this house for the farm tenants in 1718. Initially the house was divided into separate living quarters and stables. The area around the dairy providing fresh produce was supplemented by the extensive gardens to the south.

View of the brewery and bakery after the renovation. The offices and the Publication's Department of the Francke Foundations are located here.

Brewery and bakery

House 37–39

In 1738–1741 the new brewery and bakery building was built opposite the Dining Hall. Underground passages connected it directly to the refectory kitchen in House 27 and to the buildings beyond.

The former hospital of Francke's school town

Infirmary

House 51

Dating from 1721–22, this was Germany’s first children’s hospital. Primarily for children in the Foundations, the infirmary was run by the orphanage doctor, who was also a university professor. Here he introduced the systematic bedside-teaching of student doctors.

View of the printing building in need of renovation around 1989

Printing Shop

House 52–53

Halle’s oldest surviving printing shop building was constructed in 1744 as a warehouse for the Canstein Bible Institute. The Bible Institute’s printing shop was housed here from 1830. It was merged with the Orphanage press in 1884.

View of the former guesthouse »Zum Raubschiff« in the entrance area of the foundations

Zum Raubschiff tavern

Franckeplatz 4-5

This mid-sixteenth-century building exemplifies the houses once comprising the small town of Glaucha, the main site of Francke’s activities. Francke bought the tavern with its separate wagon house and used it for educational and social purposes.

19th and 20th century educational buildings

View of the Hans Ahrbeck House, the former building of the »Workers and Peasants Faculty«

Hans Ahrbeck House

House 31

In 1946 the Francke Foundations were dissolved and integrated into the Martin Luther University. This building was built from 1952–53 held East Germany’s first ‘Workers and Peasants Faculty’, which prepared ‘proletarian’ workers for university studies.

View of the primary school August Hermann Francke with the schoolyard

Middle school

House 40

In his schools Francke had already introduced as a method practical object-based teaching. Halle’s first purpose-built technical middle school, designed by Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Steudener (1802–1859), dates from 1856–1857.

View of the northern school building of the Latin School with the modern glass connector

Latin grammar school

House 42

In 1697 Francke founded the Latin grammar school to prepare pupils for university. In 1904–1906 the school was given its own building, constructed in the Wilhelminian style. Severely damaged during bombing in 1945, it was later fully converted to house East Germany’s first ‘Workers and Peasants Faculty’.

View of the building of the former secondary school

Technical high school

House 43

Built in 1913–1914, the technical high school responded to an increase in pupils and demands for higher standards in science subjects. Since the subsoil was unstable, the building was constructed on firmly anchored concrete piles rather than a standard foundation.

View of the the Kindertagesstätte August Hermann Francke opened at the beginning of the 1990s.

Day care facilities

House 48

Reconstituted after the fall of the Wall, the Francke Foundations’ first new building (1993–1995) provided a modern building for the Kindertagesstätte August Hermann Francke.

View of the community school in the south of the site of the Francke Foundations

A.H. Francke secondary school

House 49

In 1978–1979 a standard East German ‘Erfurt II’ prefabricated concrete-slab building was constructed to house the school with its gym. At the same time apartment blocks were built to the south east of the grounds.

View of the »Red School« building

Girls’ high school

House 54

The girls’ high school was given its own building in 1896, continuing the tradition of girls’ education started by Francke. The building was constructed in red brick, much favoured at that time, and was soon nicknamed the ‘Red School’.

View of the children's day-care centre, where two day-care centres and a after-school day care centre work

Day Care Centre

House 55–56

The day care and after-school facilities for the neighbouring residential area were constructed in the same concrete-slab tower block style as the surrounding apartment blocks. In 2003–2004, the building was fully modernised and an extra storey was added.