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Silke ViehmannVisitors‘ Information in Francke's House Silke Viehmann (Visitors‘ Information in Francke's House) Silke ViehmannVisitors‘ Information in Francke's House phone+49 345 2127450

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Date: 21.09.2018 till 22.04.2019
Tuesday till Sunday 10 am till 5 pm
Costs: 6 €, reduced 4 € and free entry upto 18 yrs

All the information about the event

A Journey to the Stars

Cabinet Exhibition in the Historical Library

The early modern era was remarkable for the discoveries on our planet and also on our starry sky. In 17th century the new world models competed with each other. Hence the starry sky experienced a scientific based order. Especially exploring the moon was always the topmost interest. The astrological writings focused mostly on the comets. Nevertheless, astrology, a recognized science has become increasingly critical. The above mentioned developments are the rich sediment of the early modern books and printed cards among which the cabinet exhibition showcases the prime collection. These books are also available for teaching astronomy in Francke’s schools. In the “Wunderkammer” one of the two models of the world is displayed as the contradictory doctrines of the illustrative material. Sky observation takes place regularly from the balcony of the orphanage.

Battle of the World models:                                                                                                              
Galileo Galilei (1564-1641) in 1609 used the first and the newly invented telescope for observing the celestial bodies. He also defended the world model of Nikolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) who placed the sun at the center of the Aristotelian - Ptolemaic conception of the structure of the cosmos. Moreover, the star studded Jesuit astronomers with their highest form of erudition reached heights including Giovanni Battista Riccioli (1598–1671) who attempted to blend the astronomical observation with traditional ideas which forms a part of their battle against heliocentric system. They trusted on the world system with two centres to the universe suggested by Tycho Brahe (1546-1601). On this basis, Riccoli made his final attempted to save the geocentric model of the world.

The Mapped Moon and the new Constellation:                                                                          
Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687), one of the most important astronomers, reached his highest point when he established an observatory in Danzig in the middle of 17th century. He introduced a new constellation and created an upgraded version of the Southern starry sky. His earliest work, “Selenographier” in 1647 was his first extensive and a scholarly paper about the topography of the moon.  Henceforth, this became the model for the design of scientific works.

Comet as a messenger and a divine sign:                                                                               
Similar to the unusual celestial phenomenon, comets were of great significance as a sign of divine wrath concluding in a penalty. Just in time of the winter comet in 1618, the political crisis of that time was reinforced, resulting in a flood of Astrological treatises.

Baroque Star Splendor:                                                                                                                           
In 17th century, magnificent maps and atlases were published. This began a new tradition and continued till 19th century. The most beautiful sky atlas is by Andreas Cellarius (1596-1665) which was later printed by Jan Jansson as a supplement to his multi-volume “Atlas Novus”. The sumptuously designed maps were carefully colored and supplemented by extensive explanatory comments.

The Organized Starry Sky:                                                                                                              
Johann Bayer (1572-1625) also referred to as the “Father of Sky” published “Uranametria” the first collection of the sky maps developed on a strictly scientific basis also included the first representation of the Southern constellation in the year 1603. With this work, the systematic mapping of the constellation began. Bayer’s introduction of the stars’ designation retained its validity for some extent. Eventually the attempt to replace the pagan names to Christian names was unsuccessful.

Information about the event

Facility: Museum/ Exhibitions | To the facility
  Historic Library | To the facility
  Study Centre August Hermann Francke - Library and Archive | To the facility
  Francke´s Home - Information Centre | To the facility
Date: 21.09.2018 till 22.04.2019
Tuesday till Sunday 10 am till 5 pm
Location: House 22 (Franckeplatz 1, Haus 22, 06110 Halle (Saale)) | im interaktiven Lageplan anzeigen
Kinds of event:
Costs: 6 €, reduced 4 € and free entry upto 18 yrs

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