Camp of specialists 2015
HAS SCHOOL ALWAYS BEEN AS IT IS NOW? Education in the eighteenth and twentieth centuries
August Hermann Francke founded a charity school in Halle in 1695. From it, within a few decades, one of the most important Protestant educational institutions in Europe developed. Following this tradition currently more than 1,000 children and adolescents learn in four schools on the premises of the Francke Foundations.
Between 12 and 17 July 2015 the second camp of specialists was held at the Francke Foundations. On this occasion, ten pupils aged 11 to 15 years and interested in history met for a week to carry out research together and have fun. This year, the pupils not only got to know the working methods of the science of history in order to work like little historians, but were also intensely involved with the problem of schools in the eighteenth and twentieth centuries to such a degree they even learned to write the old German cursive script, as their great-grandparents had once done. On the one hand, the participants dealt with the issues, which subjects the pupils studied in the eighteenth century, from which books they learned, what clothes they wore and how school life at the Francke Foundations was arranged. On the other hand, they asked themselves how a school day at the Francke Foundations was organized during World War I, which tasks the pupils took upon themselves in the turmoil of war and, finally, which role the “love for the Emperor and the Fatherland” played in the process. Our young historians presented their findings acquired after a week’s work by means of interesting lectures and a small exhibition consisting of sources extracted from the archives of the Francke Foundations within a festive, large framework.
Camp of specialists 2014
Time of reign. The nobility and the Francke Foundations from the Baroque era up into the twentieth century.
Until the Weimar constitution of 14 August 1919 the kings, princes and counts in Germany enjoyed certain class privileges. They distanced themselves from commoners with the help of magnificent buildings and a display of power, virtue and honour. August Hermann Francke’s School City also reminded several contemporaries around 1700 of a castle – a castle for the weak. In fact, however, the nobility played an important role in the 300-year history of the Francke Foundations: children of noble birth and orphans were educated jointly.
During a week 13 pupils took part in the first camp for specialists on history to be held at the Francke Foundations in the course of which they together gained insights into the science of history, held original sources in the archives and the library in their hands, visited sites associated with historical events and admired the exhibition work of historians and curators. In this week, all young historians posed questions regarding the “time of reign” and with the help of an analysis of the sources and an interpretation of past events found answers, which they festively presented in a small round table.