The History of Communication and the Transfer of Culture
The Francke Foundations are dedicated to the research and mediation of the historical dimension of its communication with Europe, Russia, North America and India. This leads to a large variety of topics, projects and collaborations. All sections of the Foundations are involved in this endeavour in various ways, as is the "Pietist Networks of Communication" project. Within the framework of the Research Section, for example, projects concerning the transfer of culture between the Netherlands and Central Germany ("Golden Age and the Age of the Enlightenment") were recently carried out in cooperation with the Dessau-Woerlitz Commission in the IZEA and the Kulturstiftung DessauWörlitz. Likewise, projects on the relations with England ("London and the Halle Orphanage") take place in collaboration with the German Historical Institute in London (see Hallesche Forschungen, volume 39, published by the Francke Foundations).
At present, the transfer of culture and the process of communication between Halle and Eastern Europe during the long eighteenth century take centre stage. At the end of 2015, a workshop entitled "The Halle Orphanage and Eastern Central Europe in the Eighteenth Century – New Research and Questions" took place in the series "International Encounters" under the direction of Friederike Lippold.
Pietism, Enlightenment and Multilingualism: Foreign Language Learning, Translation and Intercultural Communication in the Context of the University of Halle and the Schools in Glaucha
Cooperating partners: The Matthias-Kramer-Society for the Study of the History of Foreign Language Learning and Multilingualism and Prof. Dr. Mark Häberlein (Bamberg)
At the turn of the seventeenth century, Halle developed into one of the most important centres of learning and mediating foreign languages in Central Europe. At the schools in Glaucha pupils were taught foreign languages and (religious) texts were translated. Moreover, missionaries, priests and teachers were recruited and trained in order to serve in Eastern Europe, India and North America. The University of Halle offered foreign language courses, and professors at the university stood out as mediators of foreign-language literature. In the summer of 2015, an interdisciplinary conference on this complex subject (which was not only developed in the Foundations) was held. In it, the manifold linguistic and cultural relations between Halle and Western and Eastern Europe as well as the world outside Europe were discussed and placed within the context of the history of linguistics, religion and ideas.
A publication of the results is in preparation.
How Pietist can Nobility be? Pietism and Nobility in Halle during the long Eighteenth Century
Cooperating partner: The Historical Commission of Saxony-Anhalt
The lifeworld of the nobility in the Baroque era was strongly shaped by secular concerns. The representation of the status, rank, and fame of one's family demanded visibility. At first glance, this seems to be difficult to reconcile with the Pietist ideal of a pious life style and a reform across social strata. Yet the available evidence indicates that August Hermann Francke and his son, Gotthilf August, entertained close relations with the nobility, not only in Central Germany. The available correspondence reveals a vast network of nobility, which converged in the Orphanage at Glaucha. Against this background, the 2014 National History Day invited contributions with regard to the interweaving of Halle Pietism and nobility in the current Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt. At the same time, the National History Day was a scientific event accompanying the Foundations’ annual exhibition of 2014, titled "Knighted by Divine Goodness" (Mit göttlicher Güte geadelt).
The proceedings were published in the series "Sources and Studies on the History of Saxony-Anhalt" by the Historical Commission of Saxony-Anhalt and officially presented at the Wernigeröder Kunst- und Kulturverein (Wernigerode) on 28 September 2016.
In the wider context of the same subject, the conference "Francke and his Kings: Halle Pietism and Prussia (1690-1750)” was conceived and organised jointly by Prof. Dr. Benjamin Marschke (Humboldt University and Arcata, California), the Interdisciplinary Centre for Pietism Studies (PD Dr. Christian Soboth), and the August Hermann Francke Study Centre of the Foundations (Dr. Brigitte Klosterberg). The publication of the results is planned for 2017.