Completed Projects of the Study Centre (Selection)

  1. Pietist Communication Networks: Cataloguing Pietist correspondence in the main archive of the Francke Foundations and in the University and Research Library Erfurt-Gotha (DFG-funded project)
  2. Reconstruction, Cataloguing and Provenance Inventory of Pietist Libraries (DFG-funded project)
  3. The Freylinghausen Hymnal – Edition and Comments (DFG-funded project)
  4. Cataloguing the Archival Records of the Danish-Halle Mission (DFG-funded project)
  5. The Francke Schools (DFG-funded project)
  6. Cataloguing August Tholuck’s Library (DFG-funded project)
  7. The Francke Estate in Berlin (DFG-funded project)
  8. Prints dating from the time of the Reformation in the Library of the Francke Foundations. Cataloguing and provenance development
  9. August Hermann Francke’s private library. Its reconstruction based on the 1770 auction catalog

GEPRIS: DFG-funded projects of the Francke Foundations

1. Pietist Communication Networks: Cataloguing Pietist correspondence in the main archive of the Francke Foundations and in the University and Research Library Erfurt-Gotha (DFG-funded project)

Halle Pietism generated an almost global echo during the eighteenth century. This was facilitated thanks to well-organised, far reaching communication networks. At their centre lay the exchange of letters between August Hermann Francke, his employees, companions and successors. This 3-year project, funded by the German Research Foundation, entitled “Pietist Communication Networks: Opening up Pietist correspondence in the main archive of the Francke Foundations in Halle and in the University and Research Library Erfurt-Gotha,” assumes the intentions Francke proposed as to the intended general reformation of the world are reflected in these exchanges of letters. The correspondence of Halle Pietism includes the exchanges with academic, church and state institutions in Halle, Berlin and the rest of Prussia as well as the cooperation with partners in other European and non-European nations. It extends from the first generation of Halle Pietists to 1769, the very year Gotthilf August Francke, who had succeeded his father as a director, passed away. Prior to the establishment stage of Pietism and partially accompanying it during its early days we come across exchanges of letters with spiritualist and separatist-minded individuals, in part stemming from Francke’s and his staff’s personal contacts and partly from estates from spiritualist writers collected in Halle and now kept at the main archive of the Francke Foundations. In this respect, the correspondence network portrays the emergence, the establishment and the impact of Halle Pietism, providing an insight into a spectrum of universally oriented subjects. As the Gotha Research Library of the University and Research Library Erfurt-Gotha house a singular collection of letters, documenting the early days of emerging Pietism as well as the establishment phase of Halle Pietism, while decisively supplementing the archival materials in the Halle Archive, the project described the letters kept at the main archive of the Francke Foundations and those kept at the Research Library Gotha dating from between ca. 1660 and 1769 in a combined database, both in form and content.

The description of this correspondence will be beneficial to all historically oriented scholars working on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and can lead to further research issues within the individual disciplines and through interdisciplinary collaboration.

Project leader: Dr. Britta Klosterberg
Project supervision: Dr. Jürgen Gröschl
Project members: Dr. Karsten Hommel, Dr. Erika Pabst
Student assistant: Eric Nagel
Project duration: 1 November 2008 – 31 December 2012 dfg_logo_schriftzug_blau

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2. Reconstruction, Cataloguing and Provenance Inventory of Pietist Libraries

The project, funded by the German Research Foundation, aimed at reconstructing, cataloguing and provenance inventorising the private libraries of renowned Pietists who had bequeathed their collections of books to the Library of the Halle Orphanage, later the Francke Foundations, between 1698 and 1739.
Important private libraries, for instance the extensive library of Freiherr Carl Hildebrand von Canstein (1667-1719) and the library of the Slavist Heinrich Milde (1697-1739), included in the estate inventories, were reconstructed in the course the first phase (1 January 2007 – 30 June 2009) of the project; those titles available in the Francke Foundations’ Library were catalogued in the Common Library Network (GBV, Gemeinsamen Bibliotheksverbund) and their provenance, verified by means of autopsy, was listed. The libraries of Paul Anton (1661-1730) and Justus Lüders (ca. 1656-1708), both supporters of Halle Pietism, were the focal point during the project’s second phase (1 October 2009 – 30 June 2011). Titles no longer detectable in the holdings of the Francke Foundations’ Library are catalogued in a separate database. The autographs of estate donors are available in digital form.
As the Pietists not only intended to create an ecclesiastical reform but also aimed at a comprehensive reform of all fields of public life, their book collections demonstrate thematically and chronologically wide-span interests. Especially collectors such as Friedrich Breckling (1629-1711) and Heinrich Milde possessed extremely rare works printed in Dutch or Slavic. Carl Hildebrand Freiherr von Canstein owned one of the largest universally oriented private libraries of the early modern period comprising important legal, historical, and theological works. Moreover, his estate benefitting the Halle orphanage contributed especially to the fact that the Library of the Orphanage developed into a universal modern library open to the public. Therefore, cataloguing the Pietist libraries provides valuable material to all historically oriented disciplines.

Project leader: Dr. Britta Klosterberg
Project supervision: Anke Mies
Project members: Anke Fiebiger, Mirjam Frank (scientific assistant)
Project duration: 1 January 2007 – 30 June 2011 dfg_logo_schriftzug_blau

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3. The Freylinghausen Hymnal – Edition and Comments

The aim of this project: to develop a critical edition of the Freylinghausen book of hymns, with a detailed commentary, comprising to be the first scholarly edition of hymns of its kind.
Johann Anastasius Freylinghausen (1670-1739), the theologian, teacher, song writer and an important representative of Halle Pietism, published two collections of hymns: Geistreiches Gesangbuch (Spiritual Hymns, 19 editions, Halle 1704-59) and Neues Geistreiches Gesangbuch (New Spiritual Hymns, 4 editions, Halle 1714-33). The publisher himself considered both editions as parts of a whole which Gotthilf August Francke condensed in a single tome (Geistreiches Gesangbuch; 1771 2nd edition of this complete edition). The Freylinghausen hymnal contains more than 1,500 lyrics and ca. 600 hymns, rendering Freylinghausen’s anthology the most important song collection of Pietism.
By means of the critical edition of Freylinghausen’s hymnal one of the key works of the early modern Evangelical hymnal literature is rendered available to the philological as well as to musicological and hymnological church history research and teaching, and to church music practice.
The commentary (Vol. III), set up as an essential complement to the edition (Vols. I and II), is conceived as a kind of compendium of hymns in early eighteenth-century Germany, which received an important innovative impetus from Pietist Halle which continues to play a role today. By submitting already available and to be anticipated results of interdisciplinary research on “Freylinghausen” and the dimensions of his literary, music historical and theological piety, the richness of Pietist hymn culture is shown here by way of an example.

Editors: Prof. Dr. Dianne Marie McMullen, Union College, Schenectady, USA; Dr. Wolfgang Miersemann, Franckesche Stiftungen zu Halle, Germany
Project duration: from 2000 on dfg_logo_schriftzug_blau

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4. Cataloguing the Archival Records of the Danish-Halle Mission

The first missionary enterprise in Protestant church history, known as the Danish-Halle Mission, celebrated its 300th anniversary in 2006. The predominant part of the extensive written tradition is now preserved at the Archive of the Francke Foundations. In a 3-year project, supported by the German Research Foundation, the more than 34,000 letters, journals and reports have been individually recorded and made available in a database on the Internet.

Project leader: Dr. Thomas Müller-Bahlke
Project supervision: Dr. Britta Klosterberg, Dr. Jürgen Gröschl
Project members: Dr. Karsten Hommel, Dr. Erika Pabst
Student assistants Jan Brademann, Andreas Otte
Project consultant: Hildegard Bessler
Project duration: 1 January 2003 – 31 October 2005 dfg_logo_schriftzug_blau

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5. The Francke Schools

The research project entitled “Pupils, teachers and everyday life in the schools of the Francke Foundations: From the beginning until the demise of the second director” was funded by the German Research Foundation. The aim of the project was to describe all sources relevant to the history of education and paedagogy kept at the archive of the Francke Foundations as to the period between the founding of the Halle Orphanage by August Hermann Francke (1695) and the end of Gotthilf August Francke’s directorate (1769). Furthermore, the development of the schools of the Halle orphanage and their paedagogical practice during the first two thirds of the eighteenth century should be explored in more detail.
The first complete inventory of the School Archive as from 1993 comprised a prerequisite for this research project. The primary sources of the School Archive provide information on the social as well as the geographic provenance of pupils and tutors of the Francke Foundations, and their future life after leaving the institutions. Regular protocols concerning teacher and administrative conferences, house books written by inspectors, regulations, works of pupils, lesson plans and books, account books, food orders and blueprints for construction plans present us with detailed insights into former school activities and daily life.
As part of the research project the relevant social and personal history data of individual sources were recorded in databases. In the online version one can find personal information on 16,605 orphans, pupils and teachers. In addition, transcriptions were composed of the central sources: the register of orphans, the register of tutors (Informatoren), conference books. In preparation for this project, the edition of the register of orphans (Waisenmatrikel 1695-1749) was already published. Dissertation projects have also emerged from the project.

Project leaders: Prof. Dr. Juliane Jacobi, University of Potsdam; Prof. Dr. Peter Menck, Prof. Dr. Thomas Müller-Bahlke, Francke Foundations
Research assistants: Silke Brockerhoff MA; Dr. Axel Oberschelp
Project duration: 1999-2003

Publications
Man hatte von ihm gute Hoffnung ...”. Das Waisenalbum der Franckeschen Stiftungen 1695–1749. Edited by Juliane Jacobi and Thomas J. Müller-Bahlke. Tübingen 1998. (Hallesche Quellenpublikationen und Repertorien; 3).
Axel Oberschelp, Das hallesche Waisenhaus und seine Lehre im 18. Jahrhundert. Lernen und Lehren im Kontext einer frühneuzeitlichen Bildungskonzeption. Tübingen 2006. (Hallesche Forschungen; 19).
Zwischen christlicher Tradition und Aufbruch in die Moderne. Das Hallesche Waisenhaus im
bildungsgeschichtlichen Kontext. Edited by Juliane Jacobi. Tübingen 2007. (Hallesche Forschungen; 22). dfg_logo_schriftzug_blau

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6. Cataloguing August Tholuck’s Library

From 1993 on, the library of the Halle professor of theology Friedrich August Gotttreu Tholuck (1799-1877), one of the outstanding figures of the revival movement during the nineteenth century, has been kept as a deposit of the Evangelical Seminary in the library of the Francke Foundations. As part of a DFG-funded project concerning the development of specialist library holdings this specialist theological library comprising more than 10,000 titles was included in the transregional catalogue of the Common Library Network (GBV) and thus made accessible to research.
The August Tholuck Library is a theological library focussing on Biblical studies, church and dogma history, the history of Christianity and of religious and academic life during the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The titles predominantly derive from the nineteenth century (ca. 65%) and eighteenth century (ca. 23.5%). The library bears witness to the theological scholarship of the revival movement and, together with the Tholuck archive, also stored at the Francke Foundations, conveys an accurate picture of academic theological research during the first half of the nineteenth century. Tholuck also acquired the work of authors active during the Reformation period as well as works by the Pietists and Enlightenment theologians of the eighteenth century.
The Tholuck library ideally complements the historical collection of the Francke Foundations’ Library. The literature on eighteenth-century Pietism in the main part of the Library and the writings on the nineteenth-century revival movement in the Tholuck Library are united at a single library location.

Project leader: Dr. Britta Klosterberg
Project researecher: Gerald Reeke
Project duration: 2000–2002 dfg_logo_schriftzug_blau

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7. The Francke Estate in Berlin

An extensive collection of sources with regard to the history of Halle Pietism is preserved as the Francke Estate (Francke-Nachlass) at the State Library in Berlin, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz. The documents of this estate were originally part of the collections of source material kept at the Archive of the Francke Foundations in Halle and is directly related to the sources in Halle. A project funded by the German Research Foundation was the first to facilitate a complete inventory of the entire Francke Estate in Berlin to be composed in the archives of the Francke Foundations. In this way, a very central source inventory of the history of Pietism was made available to research, in addition to what is known from the Halle archival data.
The Francke Estate in Berlin comprises 11,147 documents, mainly letters. Reports, discussions, journal excerpts, as well as notes complete the source collection.The rules for the cataloguing and describing of estates and autographs formed the methodological basis of the inventory.
As a result of the 2-year project a 3-tome finding aid with a separate index volume and an online database was created.
The work was carried out in coordination with the manuscript department in Berlin. The data were taken over by the Kalliope cataloguing system of manuscripts.

Project leader: Dr. Thomas Müller-Bahlke
Project supervision: Dr. Jürgen Gröschl
Project members: Oliver Behn, Matthias Finke, Clemens Köhn, Hildegard Beßler
Project duration: 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2001 dfg_logo_schriftzug_blau

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8. Prints dating from the time of the Reformation in the Library of the Francke Foundations. Cataloguing and provenance development

The Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt, the heartland of the Reformation, houses numerous large and small libraries containing historical book collections, such as the library of the Halle Orphanage founded by August Hermann Francke at the end of the seventeenth century, which at present comprises the library of the Francke Foundations. August Hermann Francke’s work in Halle aimed at further developing and completing Martin Luther’s matter of concern: the Christian reform of all classes and all levels of education, including the establishment of a public library. This library now consists of ca. 8,000 printed works dating from the sixteenth century, several including interesting hand-written notes, even by Luther himself. In the course of this 2-year project, which during its first year was funded by the State Administration Office of Saxony-Anhalt and the Evangelical Church of Central Germany, the prints were listed in the transregional catalogue of the Common Library Network (GBV) including all identifiable provenances. In this way, not only knowledge concerning the writings of the Reformation was extended to the State of Saxony-Anhalt, but additionally a solid foundation will be laid as to the preparation of an exhibition to be set up in cooperation with the Marienbibliothek in Halle, which the Francke Foundations shall present within the context of the Luther Decade 2016-17.

Project leader: Dr. Britta Klosterberg
Project supervision: Anke Mies
Researcher: Mirjam Juliane Pohl

Project duration: 2014-2015

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9. August Hermann Francke’s private library. Its reconstruction based on the 1770 auction catalog

Based on the printed 1770 auction catalogue, the book titles included in the private library of August Hermann Francke and his son Gotthilf August Francke have been determined as part and parcel of a project funded by the Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt. They were recorded in a database that has been integrated into the Francke Portal. By means of reconstructing the private library of father and son Francke not only scholars but also interested laymen are presented with an insight into their world of thought, their religious, educational and social interests and world-wide contacts, as reflected in the titles, the languages and the printing sites of the books.

Project leader: Dr. Britta Klosterberg
Project supervision: Anke Mies
Researcher: Dr. Christoph Schmitt-Maaß
Project Duration: 01 July 2012 to 30 September 2013

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